Millennium Copyright Act is a Federal law that was enacted in the United States
in 1998 that further extended and enhanced copyright protection to digital
media. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act, or DMCA, prohibited the
development, use, and distribution of computer software that was intended to
give access to copyrighted material, such as music, movies, and computer
software by circumventing copyright laws.
Millennium Copyright Act was a response to the increasing popularity of
internet piracy, where people would download copyrighted material, namely
music, without having to pay for the music files. File sharing through various
computer programs on the internet made it very easy for people to have access
to copyrighted material and download it at no cost. The Digital Millennium
Copyright Act set forth legal parameters and penalties in regards to computer
piracy and digital copyright infringement practices.