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International Copyright Act 1891

International Content Act of 1891

International Content Act of 1891

International Copyright Act of 1891
The International Copyright Act of 1891 was a revision to the Copyright Act of 1870. The Act stated any original work made by a creator and copyrighted such as a book, map, chart, dramatic or musical composition, engraving, cut, print, or photograph or negative thereof, or of a painting, drawing, chromo, statue, statuary and of models or designs intended to be perfected as works of the fine arts would be the sole property of that creator. 
The creator of one of those copyrighted materials would hold the exclusive rights to own, sell, translate or reproduce any of those materials. Anyone that took a copyrighted work and tried to pass it off as their own or benefit financially off of the copyrighted work would be committing copyright infringement.
Copyright Owner
Once an owner of a work is established, they are the exclusive rights holder. If that creator dies, the International Copyright Act of 1891 states the rights to a work will be passed down to a creators widow or children. 
The widow or children would have the same right to renew a copyrighted material for an additional 14 years just like the original creator would. Any family member now holding the exclusive rights to work has the right to, within 2 months of renewal, get their deceased family member’s work published in one or more newspapers for a span of 4 weeks.
Any creator wishing to submit a title or description of work for copyright must pay a fee of 50 cents. An additional 50 cents must be paid to actually receive the copyright seal on a creator’s work. This results in most creators paying a fee of $1 after having paid 50 cents for a record of their title and then 50 cents for the seal to appear on their work. 
All additional copies of work submitted to the copyright office shall be done so after paying a $1 fee. All foreign authors must also pay a $1 fee. The money that goes toward paying fees is deposited into the United States Treasury. The Library of Congress can use money deposited to go toward future production costs.
Additional Works
Any creator wishing to submit additional volumes to a copyrighted work or additional text to a copyrighted work must request an additional copyright for the new work. Alteration to artwork and any other original copyrighted works also require an independent copyright. The new copyrights will have their own full term of copyright protection, separate from the original.
Anyone who intentionally creates duplicates of a copyrighted work is guilty of copyright infringement, according to copyright law in 1891. Those who pass off another individual’s copyrighted work as their own may be subject to civil action. 
This can include using all or just a portion of another party’s words or images in their own separate work. Any sales made illegally by stealing a copyrighted work may be seized. Half of the illegal profit is to go to the original creator and the other half shall go to the United States Government

Must Know International Copyright Act of 1891 Overview

Must Know International Copyright Act of 1891 Overview

The International Copyright Act of 1891 was
the first act that offered copyright protection in the United States to
citizens of countries other than the United States. It was important for
American creators too because they were more likely to have international
copyright protection in countries that were offered the same protection by the United
States. Included in the
Act was the price of fees that must be paid to
the Library of Congress to register works and receive a copyright seal,
instructions for submitting items to the Library of Congress, instructions and
deadlines that must be met to successfully receive international copyright
protection and penalties for copyright infringement among some other details
included in the


Popular authors such as Mark Twain and Louisa May Alcott were fed
up with not having any international copyright protection for their work. The Act
allowed citizens of foreign nations to mail in their work before it was
published. This way the Library of Congress could grant them copyright
protection in the United States. Countries that agreed with American policy
could choose to enter into an agreement to offer American creators the same
protection in their country. Before the Copyright Act was passed in 1891, a
collaborator from another country had to be included in a work in order to
receive copyright protection in that country.

Content of the Act

The content of the Act includes:

     Fees to be paid by both national and international creators.

     Duration of copyrights including after the death of a

     Rules, instructions and guidelines for national and
international creators.

     Protection of copyrighted material.

     Penalties for breaking the laws set forth by the Copyright Act.

     Relationships between countries regarding copyright

International Implications

The work submitted to the Library of Congress
had to be completed on American material such as American plates or stones.
The work had to be submitted no later than the day of
publication either in the foreign country or the United States.
The creators home country had to be willing to offer similar
copyright protection to American copyright holders that citizens of that
were entitled to or the same protection offered
by the United States to foreigners.

If a United States president proclaimed he wanted the United States to extend
protection to a certain country, international copyright protection would be
granted. Presidents also had the right to remove copyright protection from
foreign counties.