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All You Need to Know About Bittorrent OV

All You Need to Know About Bittorrent OV

BitTorrent is a type of file sharing protocol which was created in a fashion similar to direct file sharing protocols, though it uses a slightly different method of file distribution among several users. Created by Bram Cohen, BitTorrent relies on several users to transfer small fragments of files to each other until each user has a complete copy of the file. There are dozens of BitTorrent software clients available for download today which all provide the same function, making BitTorrent one of the most widely used ways of transferring data on the internet.
BitTorrents were created with the transfer of extremely large files in mind. Most peer-to-peer file sharing programs require that two users directly connect to each other, one user being the uploader and the other the downloader. The uploader is required to send the entire file to the downloader, while sometimes slowing down his or her computer’s resources. BitTorrent, on the other hand, allows for multiple users to enter a BitTorrent portal with multiple users and each user transfers fragments of the file to each other, freeing up resources to each uploader. Even users with narrow bandwidth can contribute to the distribution of the file.
Once a user has downloaded the entire file, he or she becomes a “seeder”. A seeder is a user with the entire file that contributes parts of the file to new downloaders, allowing them to receive parts of the file until it is complete on their computer. The more users within a torrent, the faster the file spreads to those users. Without seeders, torrents would not work, which is one of the only drawbacks of using BitTorrent. Sometimes, old torrents lose all of their seeders and the entire file cannot be downloaded until a seeder enters the torrent.

BitTorrent and Copyright Infringement
Due to the nature of BitTorrent and its design, upon its introduction it was  immediately put to use for downloading motion pictures, music, and other copyrighted work. It was not long before the Motion Picture Association of America and Recording Industry Association of America took notice and began investigating BitTorrent tracker websites.
What is a BitTorrent Tracker?
A BitTorrent tracker is a website which acts as a search engine for users to find torrent metafiles. These metafiles are then downloaded and give torrent users access to the files within the BitTorrent. Technically, BitTorrent tracker websites do not list copyrighted data.  They are the subject of controversy, however, because those metafiles lead users to the copyrighted data.
Famous BitTorrent Copyright Infringement Cases

The most popular BitTorrent trackers are Suprnova.org, The Pirate Bay, Torrentspy, and Mininova.org. Some of these BitTorrent trackers are no longer functioning after the MPAA hit them with lawsuits, forcing shutdowns. Suprnova.org was the first major BitTorrent tracker to emerge from the rise of BitTorrent technology. After being threatened with legal action from the MPAA, it was quickly shut down. The Pirate Bay, a Swedish company, was raided by Swedish police, though today it is still functioning normally and is the most popular BitTorrent tracker.

Limiting Searches of Copyrighted Content

Some BitTorrent tracker websites began censoring their search capabilities as a result of pressure from the MPAA and RIAA. Mininova.org, as a result of their continuing difficulties, has censored their search results to avoid any appearance of copyrighted material. BitTorrent.com, the founding company of BitTorrent, has signed a deal with the MPAA limiting the number of movies from the seven major Hollywood studios that can be offered through the BitTorrent tracker. BitTorrent.com also has an extensive copyright infringement policy on its website, giving users information about what to do if they are a copyright owner whose copyrighted work has been violated.

What Are The Copyright Infringement Policy

What Are The Copyright Infringement Policy

BitTorrent Inc., the first and
one of the largest BitTorrent software clients available today, was founded by
Bram Cohen, who also wrote the original BitTorrent
 protocol. When BitTorrent began
to receive millions of new users due to its ease of use and efficiency in
downloading large files, the Motion Picture Association of America and the
Recording Industry Association of America began to take notice. This was due to
the fact that BitTorrent was becoming the prime method of downloading
copyrighted material illegally and without charge. Years later, BitTorrent
Inc., in an effort to avoid costly and devastating lawsuits from the MPAA and
RIAA, struck a deal with the MPAA and reworked its copyright infringement

BitTorrent Inc.’s Website

BitTorrent Inc. describes their software as the “global
standard” for providing users with high-quality files over the internet,
having over 160 million total users torrents worldwide. It claims that the more
users a file has, the more quickly and cheaply it can be transferred over the
internet. Due to the nature of the software, however, and the fact that illegal
activity isn’t prevented but rather discouraged, it presents a difficult
situation for the company.

On BitTorrent Inc.’s website, the BitTorrent client software
program is available to download with one click and is free of charge. The
program allows users to search for media to download through torrent metafiles.
The way in which downloaders of the program use the software is up to their
discretion, though the copyright infringement policy section on the website
describes how the software can be used in compliance with U.S. copyright law.
The copyright infringement policy on BitTorrent.com describes ways in which
users can report copyright-infringing websites that show up in BitTorrent.com
search engines.

The BitTorrent Inc. Copyright Infringement Policy Intro

The copyright infringement policy starts by claiming BitTorrent’s
stance against violators of copyright law. In compliance with the Digital
Millennium Copyright Act, a law that made it illegal to go around digital
rights management of copyrighted computer files, BitTorrent claims to respond
vigorously to alleged copyright infringement instances that are reported in to
its servers. Copyright infringements reports are handled by BitTorrent’s
Designated Copyright Agent, which allows owners of copyrighted works to report
websites that present their material illegally.

DMCA Notice of Alleged Infringement

When a copyright owner would like to report illegal use of his or
her copyrighted work, the BitTorrent website provides an easy process for doing
so. First, the infringed work is identified along with any other works that may
also be violated. Next, a description of the website and where it can be found
should be provided. This includes the torrent file location itself or websites
that point to the torrent file. If the file was found on a BitTorrent search
engine, the search terms and URLs should be provided.

In addition, the copyright owner should provide a mailing address,
a telephone number, and an e-mail address. The copyright owner should then
describe the copyrighted violation and pledge that he or she, in good faith,
believes that the claim is accurate. The whole claim should then be compiled
together and sent to BitTorrent’s headquarters. Following a copyright
infringement claim, all traces of the copyrighted material and links to such
are removed as soon as possible.

In addition, if a copyright owner believes that a user of the
website repeatedly posts copyright infringed material of an owner, he or she
may report such a user to have him or her banned from BitTorrent use. Under the
Digital Millennium Copyright Act, some information on such users may be
released without notice to the person.

This policy is a firm statement that shows that BitTorrent Inc.
takes copyright infringement very seriously and understands that U.S.
intellectual property law is important to those who create original work.

BitTorrent Content

All BitTorrent search engines allow only works
that are free of all copyright ownership or work that is under a loose Creative
Commons license. A Creative Commons license allows owners of copyrighted
material to select a level of protection. Most protections under this license
allows for users of the copyrighted work to trade and copy as much as they
desire, as long as they do not sell the work or otherwise materially benefit
from it.