The Universal Copyright Convention was adopted in Geneva in 1952 and serves as one of the two principal international conventions which aim at protecting and enforcing copyrights. The Universal Copyright Convention was developed by the United Nations as an alternative means to the other universal copyright convention: the Berne Convention.
The development stemmed out of discord. Numerous countries disagreed with some aspects of the Berne Convention, but still wished to participate in a multilateral copyright protection convention.
The Universal Copyright Convention formally institutes and acknowledges a multilateral relationship of countries in regards to upholding copyright laws. In essence, the convention administers rules and acts as a source of acknowledgment that those countries present will uphold the various copyright laws of the globe and respect copyrighted works of other nations.